The ISO 27001:2013 comes within the ISO 27000 family which is dedicated to the standardization of Information Security Management Systems (ISMS). Though there are quite a few standards in the ISO 27000 family, ISO 27001:2013 is popularly recognized as it provides requirements for ISMS. This standard was last revised in 2013 and therefore, it remains the most updated version. ISO 27001:2013 provides requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving an ISMS. By applying a risk management process, the information security management system preserves the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. For a client, this gives confidence that proper risk management steps have been taken by the organization that is certified with this standard. This only indicates that it is, if not mandatory, then definitely important for an ISMS to be a part of and integrated with the organization’s processes and general management structures. This International Standard can be used by internal and external parties, both, to assess the organization's ability to meet the organization’s own information security requirements.
PROCEDURE AND REQUIREMENTS FOR GETTING THE ISO 27001 CERTIFICATION
Companies that use advanced technology have a greater chance of getting an ISO 27001:2013 certificate as it presents an effective way of reducing information security risks. But, what is the process of getting certified?
Get an understanding of ISO 27001. Read the standard provides a good background to ISO 27001 and its requirements
- Secure senior management support
- No project can be successful without the buy-in and support of the organization’s leadership. A gap analysis, which comprises a comprehensive review of all existing information security arrangements against the requirements of ISO/IEC 27001:2013, presents a good starting point
- Appoint an ISO 27001 champion
- It is important to secure someone knowledgeable (either internally or externally) with solid experience of implementing an information security management system (ISMS), and who understands the requirements for achieving ISO 27001 registration.
2) Establish the context, scope, and objectives
It is essential to pin down the project and ISMS objectives from the outset, including project costs and timeframe. You will need to consider whether you will be using external support from a consultancy, or whether you have the required expertise in-house. You will also need to develop the scope of the ISMS, which may extend to the entire organization, or only a specific department or geographical location. When defining the scope, you will need to consider the organizational context as well as the needs and requirements of interested parties (stakeholders, employees, government, regulators, etc.).
3) Establish a management framework
The management framework describes the set of processes an organization needs to follow to meet its ISO27001 implementation objectives. These processes include asserting accountability of the ISMS, a schedule of activities, and regular auditing to support a cycle of continuous improvement.
4) Conduct a risk assessment
While ISO 27001 does not prescribe a specific risk assessment methodology, it does require the risk assessment to be a formal process. This implies that the process must be planned, and the data, analysis, and results must be recorded. Prior to conducting a risk assessment, the baseline security criteria need to be established, which refer to the organization’s business, legal, and regulatory requirements and contractual obligations as they relate to information security.
5) Implement controls to mitigate risks
Once the relevant risks have been identified, the organization needs to decide whether to treat, tolerate, terminate, or transfer the risks. It is crucial to document all of the decisions regarding risk responses since the auditor will want to review these during the registration (certification) audit. The Statement of Applicability (SoA) and risk treatment plan (RTP) are two mandatory reports that must be produced as evidence of the risk assessment.
6) Conduct training
The Standard requires that staff awareness programs are initiated to raise awareness about information security throughout the organization. This might require that virtually all employees change the way they work at least to some extent, such as abiding by a clean desk policy and locking their computers whenever they leave their workstations.
7) Review and update the required documentation
Documentation is required to support the necessary ISMS processes, policies, and procedures. Compiling policies and procedures is often quite a tedious and challenging task, however. Fortunately, documentation templates – developed by ISO 27001:2013 experts – are available to do most of the work for you. Formatted and fully customizable, these templates contain expert guidance to help any organization meet all the documentation requirements of ISO 27001:2013. At a minimum, the Standard requires the following documentation:
- The scope of the ISMS
- Information security policy
- Information security risk assessment process
- Information security risk treatment process
- The Statement of Applicability
- Information security objectives
- Evidence of competence
- Documented information determined by the organization as being necessary for the effectiveness of the ISMS
- Operational planning and control
- Results of the information security risk assessment
- Results of the information security risk treatment
- Evidence of the monitoring and measurement of results
- A documented internal audit process
- Evidence of the audit programs and the audit results
- Evidence of the results of management reviews
- Evidence of the nature of the non-conformities and any subsequent actions taken
- Evidence of the results of any corrective actions taken
8) Measure, monitor, and review
ISO 27001:2013 supports a process of continual improvement. This requires that the performance of the ISMS be constantly analyzed and reviewed for effectiveness and compliance, in addition to identifying improvements to existing processes and controls.
9) Conduct an internal audit
ISO/IEC 27001:2013 requires internal audits of the ISMS at planned intervals. A practical working knowledge of the lead audit process is also crucial for the manager responsible for implementing and maintaining ISO 27001:2013 compliance.
10) Registration/certification audits
During the Stage One audit, the auditor will assess whether your documentation meets the requirements of the ISO 27001 Standard and point out any areas of nonconformity and potential improvement of the management system. Once any required changes have been made, your organization will then be ready for your Stage 2 registration audit. During a Stage Two audit, the auditor will conduct a thorough assessment to establish whether you are complying with the ISO 27001 standard.
How Did We Get Our Certificate?
Our Operations & Innovation Hub, EZ Lab Private Limited, EZ Lab is certified with ISO 27001:2013 for its strict controlled procedures, constant monitoring, and tracking, regular training, and audits when it comes to protecting information from a breach. Our ISO 27001:2013 certification for Information Security Management Systems reinforces the security fortification already set in place by EZ Works. Our premium service quality, alert and impeccable support 24 x 7, strict data protection policies along with this ISO certification has earned us our clients’ trust.